Calcareous nannofossil, ostracode and foraminifera biostratigraphy of Plio-Pleistocene deposits, Rhodes (Greece), with a correlation to the Vrica section (Italy)
- 1Department of Earth Sciences, University of Aarhus, C. F. Møllers Allé, DK-8000 Århus C, Denmark
- 2Department of Quaternary Geology, Lund University, Tornavägen 13, S-223 63 Lund, Sweden
- 3Roskilde Amt, Teknisk Forvaltning, Køgevej 80, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Abstract. The Kalithea Bay section is situated on the southeastern coast of the island of Rhodes. The section comprises a sedimentary sequence ranging from brackish water gravel and nearshore sand to deep-water clay. The brackish water and nearshore deposits are assigned to the Kritika Formation, while the deep-water deposits are assigned to the Lindos Bay clay. Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy shows that the age of the marine sequence is Early Pleistocene. The brackish water sediments cannot be dated with any degree of certainty. The marine deposits are rich in ostracodes and foraminifera and several species have been recognized, which previously have been used as biostratigraphic markers in the Plio-Pleistocene deposits of Rhodes. Biostratigraphic correlation between the Kalithea Bay section and the Plio-Pleistocene boundary stratotype at Vrica, southern Italy, shows that the ostracodes and foraminifera events generally are diachronous relative to the calcareous nannofossil events. The only exception is the first occurrence of the benthic foraminifera Hyalinea balthica. As calcareous nannofossil events are thought to be virtually synchronous within the Mediterranean region, it is concluded that the diachroneity is due to a relative delay in the appearance of ostracodes and foraminifera at Kalithea, caused by differences in the palaeobathymetric settings between the two sites.