Articles | Volume 5, issue 1
01 Apr 1986
 | 01 Apr 1986

A comparative study of collections from the S.W. Pacific (Saipan to Tonga), with the descriptions of Gambiella caudata (Brady, 1890) and a new species of Pterobairdia (Ostracoda)

K. G. Mckenzie

Abstract. Gambiella caudata (Brady, 1890) and Pterobairdia briggsae sp. nov. are described from collections made in the S. W. Pacific (Saipan, Onotoa, Ontong-Java/Kula Gulf, Noumea, Cook Islands, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga); and the lectotypes of several species described in a major early paper by Brady (1890) are illustrated. The carbonate compensation depth in this region lies at around 4500 m. Comparison of the Ontong-Java in Kula Gulf samples reinforces consideration of depth as a factor of ecological importance. A similarity matrix for the several faunas shows factors in common at species level ranging from 22% (Onotoa/Noumea) to nearly 60% (Samoa/Onotoa); while endemism ranges from 8.5% (Samoa) to nearly 33% (Tonga). Most endemic species belong in a limited number of podocopid families, in particular Bairdiidae, Trachyleberididae, Paradoxostomatidae and Leptocytheridae. These results appear consistent with an hypothesis that continued tectonics-driven changes in the regional marine topography and sedimentation, i.e. niche development, could have triggered speciation along the regional plate margins.