Articles | Volume 31, issue 2
01 Jul 2012
 | 01 Jul 2012

Early British students of modern foraminifera: Carpenter and Williamson

John W. Murray

Keywords: benthic foraminifera, growth plans, wall structure, carbonate sediments

Abstract. Most early workers in the field of foraminifera were learned gentlemen with great curiosity and broad interests who pursued microscopy as a hobby. Through their careful observations, Carpenter and Williamson laid the foundations of our understanding of morphology, growth plans and wall structure. They made their observations at a time when the zoological affinities of foraminifera were still under discussion. Because of the variability of form they took a broad view of taxonomic relationships, especially of genera and species, which strongly influenced later workers.